The guinea pigs They are herbivorous rodents which are characterized by having a short life cycle and good fertility. These conditions have favored exploitation in large hatcheries, mainly in countries such as Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia and Peru.
To keep a good guinea pig farm it is essential to feed them in the best way with vegetables such as corn, sorghum, rice, grass and kitchen waste such as potato peelings, beans, peas, carrots, broad beans, among others that give all the nutrients and good health to these rodents.
According to the portal ‘Procampo’, in terms of the reproduction of these small animals, it is necessary that those who own a kennel of them know that females reach their maturity stage at 50 or 70 days of life and after the first heat, these will last every 16 days regular.
Once the female is in gestation stage and she has her young, it is very likely that she will be in this state again. This stage is called ‘postpartum heat’ and occurs in 75% of cases. Therefore, the owners of guinea pig farms should be aware of this situation, if they do not wish to have several litters of rodents.
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So that the gestation stage is carried out in the best conditions it is important that females weigh more than 600 grams and are at least two months old. If he empadre -period in which the male remains with the females- is not performed at this time, the pelvic ileo-sacral joint can be sealed and childbirth could have inconveniences.
Besides, Males reach youth at 50 days old. and at that time they can prepare to procreate.
The number of females per male should be 8 to 12This figure depends on the needs of the farm and the tactics that the breeder uses, as if the breeding was continuous, that is, the male remains with the females in the sheds or if the male is separated from the females after giving birth. }
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The total number of the Litter is related to the type of empadre, as well as the number of females present in the house, number of previous parts, feeding, state of hygiene of the place and selection. Taking these specifications into account, the average number of offspring is usually between three and five.
given that the guinea pigs are highly prolifica successful breeding of these rodents depends on mating, gestation and delivery, since the latter is the most critical stage, especially the last third or day 45.
generally, guinea pigs deliver at night without complications, however when the pups can be very large and not be born, they can cause the mother to uterine prolapse and cause death.
Breeding of the Guinea Pig
LUZ ANGELA DOMINGUEZ CORAL
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